An Origin of Middle Ages Dragons

Dragon Sword

We have seen dragons in many cultures and taking many forms. There are many looks to them and many origins as well. Within the fantasy lore, one dragon appearance is the most recognizable.

Middle Ages Dragons

Its appearance has become timeless and crossed from folklore to literature to movies and inspire centuries of artists from many fields. This is an origin of Middle Ages dragons.

In Celtic mythology, dragons come in two different shapes.

We have the more commonly known with wings and four legs. Then, we have the sea dragon, which looks more like a sea serpent. However, it does remain in the dragon family of Celtic mythology. The most significant association of dragons is with the gods of Celtic mythology and among the most powerful ones as well. They are the protectors and guardians of all that is living and command respect.


The Celtic people wholly love dragons. It starts from texts written and also by those who adorned the crest of a dragon. Something I didn’t know was that there is always a Catholic dragon who has taken over guarding either a castle or cavern filled with gold.

A Scaly Dragon Origin

This dragon is typically a dragon with scaly skin, almost lizard-like wings reminiscent of a bat, therefore, having a membrane that permits the ability of flight instead of feathers. However, there are rare representations of dragons with feathered wings. Some variations also show dorsal bony spikes, and of course, like a bat, the dragon has back legs, and its hands are attached to the wings giving it its web shape, leaving only two fingers at the end of each wing.

Moreover, the dragon is known to have a long scaly tail reminiscent again of a reptile, measuring the length of its entire body.


In folktales, mean dragons are often depicted as greedy, making it more apparent that this is to have a hero slay the dragon in the adventure. Meanwhile, the good ones are often described as resourceful, a source of wisdom and loyalty. Dragons can be both good and bad, and that is the reason why I was surprised to see dragons in Catholicism as they had reduced Elves and to evil entities. This is only one story of an origin of Middle Ages dragons.

The Middle Ages Dragon Origin

Dragons’s most famous signature is the significant amount of fire to protect either their lair or treasures or even people they oath to protect. Their fire comes from their belly up to their elongated throat. It comes out of the lizard-like mouth and has a vast range of targeting. Dragons aim at what or who they wish to set on fire.

Other than their apparent torch ability, dragons have other skills that are unique to them. While researching European dragons, I have found that dragon blood is quite precious and treasured. It can keep the animal alive for centuries if not a millennia while even in particular literature, immortal. Their blood can be poisonous according to some or acid-like to anyone who would touch it.


The sharing among European folktales when it comes to dragons is their love for an underground lair. They might be creatures capable of flying only by flapping their hands up and down, however, like their close “flight relatives,” the bats, they prefer to be antisocial and keep to themselves away from humans in caverns and sleep for long periods.

This particularity can also let us know that by such behavior, they are an ancient species evolving of Earth.

An Origin of Middle Ages

Dark Ages were well present in texts. Amongst Catholics of the time, most of them were evil, except for those guarding castles because of the dragon’s enormous stature. However, when we go up north, the Welsh saw them quite differently.


The dragon depiction in Germanic folktales as again, guarding treasures of great value. They are hiding from humans, and over an extended period, if the dragon left or believed so. Humans would then enter the dragon’s lair where the treasure was hiding. They would then fall ill in some way. That specification has me believe that it must be due to their acidic or poisonous blood and, most probably, body fluids.

Wyvern Not An Origin of Dragon

In both England and Portugal, these countries once used dragons to represent their crest. But later on, these dragons became a Wyvern. Those creatures, though closely resembling dragons, have quite a few differences. One difference being that they have two back legs, but no arms as their wings are their only other limbs depriving them of fingers.

However, I am keeping this fascinating creature for another article. Therefore I am now going to get back to the exciting dragons!


Through research, I discovered that discussing and informing others about dragons is unachievable in just one article. It would turn into a complete encyclopedia with all of the information that you get! So, all that I can say is that up until now, dragons seem to share two extremes, and it keeps me wondering what is at the core of these extreme personalities.

Middle Ages Origins

I want to go deeper with dragons and study their variances throughout the literature, England, Celtic, Iberian, Italian, and Scandinavian. Each of these has its particular view of dragons.

It has me wondering: did they somehow at one time exist.

Celtic Castle
Celtic Castle

If so, are any remains impossible to find because they would spontaneously combust? It would explain the lack of traces of their entire existence behind.

One thing is for sure; I am more passionate about them now than I ever was before!
Furthermore, this is just an origin of Middle Ages dragons out of many.

A.L. Wolfe

Published by Autumn Loup Wolfe

I am an Epic Fantasy and Historical Fiction author. I am a fan of J.R.R. Tolkien, Terry Brooks, Bernard Cornwell and Oliver Bowden.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

Create your website at
Get started
%d bloggers like this: